Glossary of Internet terms. Underlined orange links point to terms within this Glossary.
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- Shared Server
- Source Code
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The intensity or vividness of color eminating from an image. A saturated image has very rich and vivid colors. Desaturated images contain colors of the gray scale.
A script, program or object and that can be used for large or small purposes without major changes. For example, MySQL is a scalable database because it can be used for small and large databases. A script that utilizes MySQL could be said to be a scalable solution because the database could accommodate growth.
Acronym for : Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line. A method of transferring data over regular phone lines using the same copper wires a regular phone lines uses. SDSL (as opposed to ADSL or regular DSL) has equal upload and download speeds but at the expense of a phone service. See also ADSL
A powerful computer or software that serves data. A machine that handles the serving of data. Types of servers include a web server; mail server; and mySQL server; Each of which transfer data. Web servers can host multiple domains. See also Dedicated Server
Acronym for : Standard Generalized Markup Language. An International Standard (ISO 8879) for text markup of which HTML is based upon.
A server utilized by multiple distinct persons or entities. A shared server can hosts dozens of web sites each run by different people or companies. Suitable for small to medium sized businesses. You also share the risk of slowdown. If one domain's traffic suddenly spikes, all other domains may also slow down. All resources and software on the server are shared. Antonym : Dedicated server
A command interpreter. A shell is like the middle man between a user and the computer system. It interprets commands issued by a user into a language that is understood by a machine. Antonym : Kernel
To bend a corner of a graphical object. Normally achieved by dragging one corner while the opposite corner remains unchanged.
A face, film, coating, dressing or GUI for a software program that can be replaced by another. Allows the end user to change the look and feel of a program.
Acronym for : Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. A protocol for delivering email from one mail server to another.
Programs such as Microsoft Internet ExplorerTM that can be used on Computers. Antonym : Hardware
A program or script in it's raw form. Source code is fed to a compiler or interpreter to produce human readable or viewable content.
A script or program that explores the web, normally fetching and indexing data found for use in search engines. Web surfers can then search the indexed data for desired products and information. Synonym : Cralwer.
The act of impersonating a user or source machine or IP Address. For example, connecting to the Internet using an IP Address assigned to another machine.
Acronym for : Simultaneous Peripheral Operation On-Line. The queuing of requests in a file while the computer's resources are freed up.
Short for : Secure Shell. SSH is a UNIX program that allows you to securely log in to a remote computer over a network. Once logged in, all commands issued and all data transmitted, including your password is encrypted to ensure the information can not be intercepted. Similar to an FTP client, except data is encrypted and there is no GUI, that is commands are typed in to a command prompt.
Acronym for : Server Side Includes. Directives issued to Apache server software. SSI is parse by the software. Similar to including commands within a web page to execute server side applications and scripts. Common uses are including files inside a regular HTML document. This allows authors to update multiple documents by modifying one file. See our SSI for more information. Or Website Manager for a Perl script that manages SSI for you.
Acronym for : Secure Sockets Layer. Secured Sockets Layer is a protocol that transmits your communications over the Internet in an encrypted form. SSL ensures that data is transmitted only to the server you intended transmit it to. Often used to transmit Credit card and other personal data, when filling in forms on the Internet.
All major browsers support SSL encryption with older browsers supporting lower levels of encryption. However the newest SSL certificates (issued to web sites using SSL) can increase encryption to the highest levels in older browsers. Though it might pay to ensure you're using at least the version 5 series of browsers. Before secure data is transmitted, it's converted to an unintelligible string of characters. When received by the server it's converted back to it's original form.
Content that remains constant or unchanged until manually modified. Most home pages on the Internet are static. Antonym : Dynamic
Short for Standard Error Output. Contains the current process' errors. Normally directed to an error log when working with Perl but can be redirected to STDOUT. For an example, download our free Error Log Viewer script. See also STDIN, STDOUT.