Glossary of Internet terms. Underlined orange links point to terms within this Glossary.
- Basic Authentication
High-speed cables or a series of cables that merge together to form a major channel for a network. Backbones can be large or small depending on the size of the network. Often referred to as a "Set of paths" that smaller ISPs connect to for long distance transmission of data. The connection point are known as "Network nodes" or Data Switching Exchanges (DSEs).
Technically, bandwidth is the amount of data carried through a communications channel (a cable). Or data transfer. Each time you download a web page, you are using bandwidth. Bandwidth is measured in bytes but more commonly (by hosts) in gigabytes.
Apache server software used to protect the contents of a directory via a file known as .htaccess. An authentication protocol that is supported by all of the major browsers. See Upload Pro for a script that handles the creation and management of .htaccess files.
The measure of the number of bits per second which a modem can transfer data. Technically, 1 baud moves 4 bits. So when a device has a specification of 600 baud, it runs at 2,400 bits per second.
Acronym for : Be Back Later. Commonly used in online chat rooms.
Acronym for : Bulletin Board System. A meeting place for people with common interests where discussions take place in the form of "Posts". Posts are messages left on a web page which can be read and replied to by other community members at any time of the day.
Acronym for : Be Back Soon. Commonly used in online chat rooms.
JavaBeansTM are portable, platform-independant, reusable components. Software code bases that can be visually modified, combined and customized. See also JavaTM..
1) Data consisting of 1's and 0's, machine code.
2) Type of file or database with characters that cannot be read by humans
3) The FTP transfer type. All text document, documents that can be read by humans, should be transferred in ASCII mode. Binary files, such as images an swf (flash) files, should be transferred in binary mode.
Abbreviation for : binary digit. The smallest piece of data that can be understood be a computer. Either a 1 or a 0. See also Bit, Byte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte
Short for : web log. Similar to an online journal. The recording of a series of events in electronic, online format.
Acronym for : Bits Per Second. The measure of bits moved by a device such as a modem. A regular 56K modem moves around 56,000 bits per second (56 Kilobytes). See also Baud.
Acronym for : Be Right Back. Commonly used in online chat rooms.
A channel that allows for the high speed transfer of data over the same cable. Any high speed Internet Connection is described as broadband. More specifically, broadband modulates many signals onto different high-frequency carriers so they can be transferred using the same cable.
The software you're using to display this web page. Also known as a Client. As in Client side scripting.
Acronym for : By the Way. Commonly used in chat rooms.
A chunk of data equal to 8 bits. 1 byte is about the size of one text character. The word "text" would be about 4 bytes. See also Bit, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte