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JavaScripts :: Miscellaneous :: Alerts, Confirms and Prompts

Using Microsoft's propriety VBScript, you have a little more control of prompts and alerts. Below are some examples showing you how to add your own title to the popups. Note that VBScript is only supported by Internet Explorer. Netscape will show a regular alert, confirm or prompt. IE5 means IE5+ so IE6 will also be taken into account.

Note also that when using JavaScript and VBScript on the same page you must define a value in the language attribute. Eg.

<script language="VBScript">

or

<script language="JavaScript">

This rule is waived if the VBScript is last script tag on your page.


The Script

<script>
<!--
// Browser sniffer. Written by PerlScriptsJavaScripts.com

v3 = 0; op = 0; ie4  = 0; ie5 = 0; nn4 = 0; nn6 = 0; isMac = 0;

if(document.images){
    if(navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Opera") != -1){
        op = 1;
    } else {
        ie4 = (document.all && !document.getElementById);
        nn4 = (document.layers);
        ie5 = (document.all && document.getElementById);
        nn6 = (document.addEventListener);
    }
} else {
    v3 = 1;    
}

if(navigator.userAgent.indexOf("Mac") != -1){
    isMac = 1;
}

// start the actual code for an alert

function alert_confirm(){
    if(ie4 || ie5){
        // if its IE4+ call the VB Script 
        retVal = makeMsgBox("Hi","how are you?",32,1,256,4096);
		
        // which button was pressed?
        if(retVal == 1)            {alert("Ok pressed");}
        else if (retVal == 2)      {alert("Canceled");}
    } else {
        // else use a simple alert
        alert("I am not IE");
    }
}

// start the code for a prompt

function input_box(){
    
    // only three args here
    // Title, Question, Default answer
    
    if(ie4 || ie5){
        retVal = makeInputBox("Hi","How are you?","Fine, thanks");
    } else {
        retVal = prompt("How are you?","Fine, thanks");
    }
    
    if(retVal){
        alert("Submitted");
    } else {
        alert("canceled");
    }
}
// -->
</script>

This is the VB SCript called by the code above if IE is detected.

<script language="VBScript">
<!--
Function makeMsgBox(tit,mess,icon,buts,defs,mode)
   butVal = icon + buts + defs + mode
   makeMsgBox = MsgBox(mess,butVal,tit)
End Function

Function makeInputBox(title,question,default_answer)
   makeInputBox = InputBox(title,question,default_answer)
End Function
// -->
</script>
Internet Explorer will call the VB Script while Netscape will execute the JavaScript. Below is a list of arguments each function takes. For example, if you look at the script above, you will find this line of code :

retVal = makeMsgBox("Hi","how are you?",32,1,256,4096);

You can change the numbers to create alerts, confirms or any type of popup using the numbers / arguments below.

The alert and confirm boxes take 4 arguments

Argument one : The Icon         0  = none
                                16 = X 
                                32 = ? 
                                48 = ! 
                                64 = i 

Argument two : The buttons      0 = OK   # standard alert
                                1 = OK CANCEL
                                2 = ABORT RETRY IGNORE
                                3 = YES NO CANCEL
                                4 = YES NO
                                5 = RETRY CANCEL 

Argument three :                0    = First
In your popup, which            256  = Second
button should be selected       512  = Thrid
by default?

Argument four :                 0    = Browser stalls
The system command will         4096 = All apps stall
stall either the browser 
or the whole system until 
the user responds 
(either submits or cancels)


A value is returned 
depending on which button 
was pressed. So you could say 

if(retVal == 3){do this} 
else {do this}

Here are the return values      OK      = 1 
                                Cancel 	= 2 
                                Abort 	= 3 
                                Retry 	= 4 
                                Ignore 	= 5 
                                Yes     = 6 
                                No      = 7 

Alert or Confirm box

Input box
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